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软件测试之测试术语

  软件测试之测试术语

  测试分类

  单元测试:Unit Testing

  驱动单元:driver

  桩单元:Stub

  集成测试:Integration Testing

  系统测试:System Testing

  性能测试:Performance Testing

  压力测试:Stress Testing

  容量测试:Volume Testing

  回归测试:Regression Testing

  冒烟测试/预测试:Smoke Testing

  安全测试:Security Testing

  保护测试:Protectiion Testing

  界面测试:GUI Testing,Graphic User Interface

  可用性测试:Usability Testing

  可安装性测试:Installation Testing

  备份测试:Backup Testing

  健壮性测试:Robustness Testing

  文档测试:Documentation Testing

  在线帮助测试:Online Help Testing

  验收测试:User Acceptance Testing

  人工/手动测试:Manual Testing

  自动化测试:Automation Testing

  需求规格说明书:SRS,Software Requirement Specitication

  详细设计:LLD

  概要设计:HLD

  双V模型:Verification 验证,Validation 确认

  质量:Quality

  流程:Flow

  ISO:International Organization for Standardization

  CMM:Capability Maturity Model

  CMMI:Capability Maturity Model Integration

  关键过程域:KPA,Key Process Area

软件测试之测试术语

  软件质量六大特性:

  1.功能性:functionality

  适合性:suitability

  准确性:accuracy

  互操作性:interoperability

  保密安全性:security

  功能性的依从性:functionality compliance

  2.可靠性:reliability

  成熟性:maturity

  容错性:fault tolerance

  易恢复性:recoverability

  可靠性的依从性:reliability compliance

  3.易用性: usability

  易理解性:understandability

  易学性:learnability

  易操作性:operability

  吸引性:attractiveness

  易用性的依从性:usability compliance

  4.效率:efficiency

  时间特性:time behavior

  资源利用性:resource utilization

  效率依从性:efficiency compliance

  5.可维护性:maintainability

  易分析性:analyzability

  易改变性:changeability

  稳定性:stability

  易测试性:testability

  维护性的依从性:maintainability compliance

  6.可移植性:portability

  适应性:adaptability

  易安装性:installability

  共存性:co-existence

  易替换性:replaceability

  可移植性的依从性:portability compliance

  白盒测试:white Box Testing

  =玻璃盒测试:glass Box testing=透明盒测试:Clear Box Testing=基于代码测试:Code-Based Testing=逻辑驱动测试:Logisc-Driven Testing

  黑盒测试:Black Box Testing

  =功能测试:Function Testing

  软件缺陷状态

  New:缺陷的初始状态

  Open:开发人员开始修改缺陷

  Fixed:开发人员修改缺陷完毕

  Closed:回归测试通过

  Reopen回归测试失败

  Rostpone:推迟修改

  Rejected:开发人员认为不是程序问题,拒绝缺陷

  Duplicate:与已经提交的Defect重复

  Abandon:被Rejrect 和Duplicate的Defect,测试人员确认后的确不是问题,将Defect置为此状态

  逻辑覆盖率:Logical Coverage=代码覆盖率:Code coverage=结构化覆盖率:Structural Coverage

  语句覆盖率:Statement Coverage,

  判定覆盖:Decision Coverage=分支覆盖:Branch Coverage

  条件覆盖:Condition Coverage

  判定条件覆盖:Decision Condition Coverage=分值条件:Branch Condition Coverage,BC Coverage

  路径覆盖:Path Coverage

  指令覆盖:Instruction Blocks Coverage, IB Coverage

  判定路径覆盖:Decision-to-Decision Paths Coverage,DDP Coverage

  功能覆盖率:Function Coverage

      以上是关于软件测试的知识,由多测师亲自撰写!   https://www.duoceshi.com/

 

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